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what is gabapentin

by taylor333
gabapentin 100mg


Gabapentin 100mg is used in conjunction with other drugs to treat and prevent seizures. It is also used to treat nerve pain in adults after shingles (a painful rash caused by herpes zoster infection). Gabapentin is an anticonvulsant or antiepileptic medication.

Other uses

This section discusses uses of this medicine that are not specified in the drug’s authorized professional labeling but may be recommended by your doctor. Only use this medication for a problem indicated in this section if it has been prescribed by your doctor.


This medication may also be used to treat restless-legged syndrome or other types of nerve discomfort (such as diabetic neuropathy, peripheral neuropathy, and trigeminal neuralgia).


How to use

Before you begin taking gabapentin, read the Medication Guide and, if available, the Patient Information Leaflet issued by your pharmacist, as well as each time you obtain a refill. If you have any concerns, see your doctor or pharmacist.


As instructed by your doctor, take this medicine by mouth with or without food. The dose is determined by your medical condition and reaction to therapy. The dose for youngsters is also determined by their weight.

It is critical to strictly adhere to your doctor’s dosage recommendations. Your doctor may gradually raise your dosage over the first few days of therapy to allow your body to acclimate to the medicine. To reduce adverse effects, take the first dosage before going to bed.


To get the most out of this drug, take it on a daily basis. This medication works best when the quantity of drugs in your body is steady. Take gabapentin at the same time(s) every day at regularly spaced intervals. If you use this drug three times a day to manage seizures, do not wait more than 12 hours between doses or your seizures may worsen.

Do not raise your dosage or take this drug more often without first visiting your doctor. Your condition will not improve any quicker, and the possibility of major side effects may grow.

Do not discontinue this medicine without first visiting your doctor. Some problems may worsen if the medicine is abruptly discontinued. Your dosage may need to be reduced gradually.


Antacids containing aluminum or magnesium may prevent this drug from being absorb. If you are taking an antacid, you should take gabapentin at least 2 hours after the antacid.


Gabapentin 400mg is absorb differently in various forms (such as immediate-release, sustained-release, and enacarbil sustained-release). Do not change from one form to another without first seeing your doctor.


If your condition does not improve or worsens, notify your doctor.

Adverse reactions to gabapentin have been report. If any of these symptoms are very bothersome or persistent, you should see a doctor.

  • drowsiness
  • tiredness or weakness
  • dizziness
  • headache
  • uncontrollable shaking of a part of your body
  • double or blurred vision
  • unsteadiness
  • anxiety
  • memory problems
  • strange or unusual thoughts
  • unwanted eye movements
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • heartburn
  • diarrhea
  • dry mouth
  • constipation
  • increased appetite
  • weight gain
  • swelling of the hands, feet, ankles, or lower legs
  • back or joint pain
  • fever
  • runny nose, sneezing, cough, sore throat, or flu-like symptoms
  • ear pain
  • red, itchy eyes (sometimes with swelling or discharge)

The potential for certain adverse effects to be severe is high. Immediately seek medical attention if you suffer any of the following symptoms:

  • rash
  • itching
  • swelling of the face, throat, tongue, lips, or eyes
  • hoarseness
  • difficulty swallowing or breathing
  • seizures
  • difficulty breathing; bluish-tinged skin, lips, or fingernails; confusion; or extreme sleepiness

Other unwanted effects of gabapentin have been report. If you have any unexpected symptoms while taking this medicine, contact your doctor right away.


Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to gabapentin or gabapentin enacarbil, or if you have any additional allergies. Inactive chemicals in this product may cause allergic reactions or other complications. For further information, see your pharmacist.


Tell your doctor or pharmacist about your medical history, particularly if you have:


kidney disorder

mental/emotional issues (such as depression, and thoughts of suicide)

drug/alcohol use/abuse

breathing difficulties (such as COPD)

This medication may cause dizziness, drowsiness, or blurred vision. You may get dizzy or sleepy if you consume alcohol or marijuana (cannabis). Do not drive, operate equipment, or do anything else that requires attention or clear eyesight until you are sure you can do it safely. Consume alcoholic drinks in moderation. If you use marijuana, see your doctor (cannabis).


Inform your doctor or dentist about all of the products you consume before undergoing surgery (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).


This medication’s negative effects, including edoema of the hands/ankles/feet, slow/shallow breathing, dizziness, or lack of coordination, may be more severe in older persons. Falls may be exacerbat by dizziness and lack of coordination.


Children may be more vulnerable to the drug’s negative effects, particularly mental/mood/behavior changes (such as hostility, problems concentrating, restlessness).


This drug should be take only when plainly necessary during pregnancy. Consult your doctor about the dangers and advantages.


Gabapentin is excret in breast milk. Before breast-feeding, consult your doctor.



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